An important component of natural ventilation is air change rate or air changes per hour: the hourly rate of ventilation divided by the volume of the space. For example, six air changes per hour means an amount of new air, equal to the volume of the space, is added every ten minutes. For human comfort, a minimum of four air changes per hour is typical, though warehouses might have only two. Too high of an air change rate may be uncomfortable, akin to a wind tunnel which have thousands of changes per hour. The highest air change rates are for crowded spaces, bars, night clubs, commercial kitchens at around 30 to 50 air changes per hour.[17]
A specialized air conditioner that is used only for dehumidifying is called a dehumidifier. It also uses a refrigeration cycle, but differs from a standard air conditioner in that both the evaporator and the condenser are placed in the same air path. A standard air conditioner transfers heat energy out of the room because its condenser coil releases heat outside. However, since all components of the dehumidifier are in the same room, no heat energy is removed. Instead, the electric power consumed by the dehumidifier remains in the room as heat, so the room is actually heated, just as by an electric heater that draws the same amount of power.
By combining immediate results with sustainable performance, we protect the value of your investment.  We provide skilled installation, maintenance, and repair of gas furnaces, heat pumps, dual fuel systems, boilers, air conditioners, air quality products, traditional and tankless water heaters, and advanced duct cleaning services.  Welzig Heating & Air is the right choice for  the comfort, safety, and health of homes or offices across Boulder, Longmont, Louisville, Lafayette, CO & more.
Air conditioners contain the condenser and are traditionally set outside the home. One of the most common confusions with air conditioners is that they cool the existing air in your home. Air conditioners actually pull out heat from inside your home through a host of pieces in your system and expel it outside. The removal of heat is what makes the air feel cool, not the addition of cold air.
"I had several fits and starts trying to get an A/C HVAC system installed in my home in Boulder. I talked to multiple local contractors, and did a great deal of research on what people are paying for such work in various parts of the country. There is a huge disconnect between the Boulder market, and the rest of the country, based on nothing more than local contractors grossly overcharging gullible, very affluent, customers. This leaves the average Joe or Jane to either pay up, or fend for themselves. Some of the locals seemed promising, only to hit us with outrageously overpriced bids. I'm not talking about a 20% "local vig"--I'm talking 2-3 times national rates! Some never showed up, some came to look at the job, then never even followed up, like they just couldn't be bothered. Steels Bros, in complete contrast to these difficulties, showed up when they said they would, did what they said they would do, and did it all for a fair price. At each step, they were concerned that they were earning my satisfaction with their work. I am a huge believer in providing the best customer service possible in my own work, and Steele Bros showed the same commitment. I would not hesitate to recommend them to anyone that wants a big job done right, at a fair price. "

The three major functions of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning are interrelated, especially with the need to provide thermal comfort and acceptable indoor air quality within reasonable installation, operation, and maintenance costs. HVAC systems can be used in both domestic and commercial environments. HVAC systems can provide ventilation, and maintain pressure relationships between spaces. The means of air delivery and removal from spaces is known as room air distribution.[3]
The use of furnaces, space heaters, and boilers as a method of indoor heating could result in incomplete combustion and the emission of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, formaldehyde, volatile organic compounds, and other combustion byproducts. Incomplete combustion occurs when there is insufficient oxygen; the inputs are fuels containing various contaminants and the outputs are harmful byproducts, most dangerously carbon monoxide, which is a tasteless and odorless gas with serious adverse health effects.[14]
Air conditioning (often referred to as AC, A/C, or air con)[1] is the process of removing heat and moisture from the interior of an occupied space, to improve the comfort of occupants. Air conditioning can be used in both domestic and commercial environments. This process is most commonly used to achieve a more comfortable interior environment, typically for humans and animals; however, air conditioning is also used to cool/dehumidify rooms filled with heat-producing electronic devices, such as computer servers, power amplifiers, and even to display and store some delicate products, such as artwork.
Here’s what you should know about air handlers: if you’re searching for a conventional furnace or air conditioner, you’ll likely never need to know what an air handler is because it’s probable you won’t need one. However, if you’re in the market for an electric heat pump, it’s helpful to know that an air handler will probably be a part of your home’s HVAC system.
R407C is a zeotropic hydro-fluoro-carbon refrigerant and is a blend of difluoromethane (R32) providing the heat capacity, pentafluoroethane (R125) decreasing flammability and tetrafluoroethane (R134a) to reduce pressure. Difluoromethane serves to, pentafluoroethane andtetrafluoroethane. R407C was developed as a replacement for the ozone depleting R22.
We live in a recently completed townhouse that was built with double-wall construction. That construction method was touted by the builder as what would keep sound from penetrating between the units. But we can hear the next door neighbors' TV and stereo, and sometimes voices and even snoring, through the wall. While sometimes it's the volume, mostly it's the bass sounds coming through the wall. They say they don't hear us, but we keep our bass turned down. They crank up the bass, and they are not going to change that. They also are not going to do anything construction-wise to help from their side. What is the best way for us to try to block the low frequency/bass sounds from penetrating the existing wall into our side?

When you contract with Vredevoogd Heating & Cooling Grand Rapids MI, you can count on us to make safety our top priority. Your HVAC system is, of course, a major investment and integral to the functioning of your home; however, nothing is as important as the safety of each life within your home. We carefully inspect your system to ensure that it is functioning properly in order to guard against carbon monoxide poisoning or other system emergencies. We take the greatest care when installing your HVAC system, knowing that a perfect installation is the safest installation for your home. We follow our industry’s best practices concerning safety and will happily share our know how with you when it comes to safely maintaining your system between service appointments.  If you ever suspect a problem with your HVAC system, you hear strange noises or smell unpleasant odors, for instance, you can call us night or day, 24/7, to address your heating and cooling emergency. We’ll never leave you in the lurch! We are ready to provide service ASAP to ensure the safe operation of your HVAC system.
If your unit isn't turning on, check on it outside to make sure the condenser is still running. Ensure it's fully plugged in and that your thermostat is set. Lower the thermostat by a few more degrees than your typical setting. You should hear it power on after doing so. If that doesn't take care of the problem, check your fuse box. You could have a blown fuse or a tripped circuit that's causing the air conditioner to not turn on.
It seems all the average costs for a complete heating and cooling system replacement I've found on websites are usually at least 1/4 less, mostly half lower, then quotes I've gotten from companies. The worst quote I got was from One Hour Heating & Air Conditioning (the company with the Mike Rowe commercials), for over $15,000! I finally settled on a Carrier dealer, for $10,700 & I'll get $950 of that back in energy co rebates eventually. The company I went with's basic system would have been around $8800 (the only one that sorta matched up with web avg cost). They did all the correct planning as far as I could see, not like One Hour, who just showed me a price guide for the same size units already in place. And they do all the rebate paperwork and submit it to the energy co, One Hour never even mentioned possible rebates! Plus Carrier gets above avg reviews. I would have greatly liked a price under 9 grand, but this company got me 0% APR financing, so at least nothing out of pocket. My advice is stay away from national chains, and shop around with local area companies. Of course, One Hour says local companies will fold before you need warranty service lol. For their cost, there should be a technician living in his work van outside my house hahaha. 

You can usually slip the belt on the motor’s (smaller) pulley first and then start it on the blower pulley. Rotate the blower pulley by hand, holding the belt in place but keeping your fingers from getting caught between the belt and the pulley. The belt should slip right into place. If it seems to be too tight or difficult to set in place, it may be necessary to adjust the motor mount to provide more slack.
With a modern heat pump system installation, you’ll enjoy benefits such as exceptional efficiency and maximum temperature control all year round. These innovative systems combine both heating and cooling into one compact system. The technicians from Sky Heating & Air Conditioning are highly qualified and experienced in heat pump maintenance, repairs, and installations, so you can feel confident in our services. We specialize in WaterFurnace geothermal heat pump systems, which offer unprecedented efficiency and energy savings. Browse our website or give us a call today to learn even more!
Vredevoogd Heating & Cooling invites you to research our good name. Read customer testimonials and call to discuss your service needs with our staff at any time. We provide service with minimal interruption to your home. We perform careful diagnostics and apply expert fixes for all your service needs. Because your HVAC system is essential to your home and a major investment, we encourage you to contact us for professional installation. We have 54 years of experience fueling our HVAC know how. Don’t trust your heating and cooling needs to just anyone. Let Vredevoogd Heating & Cooling Grand Rapids MI handle all your HVAC maintenance and installation needs.
“I'm always skeptical of AC companies, because we have had bad advice, installation, and poor customer service in the past. That is so far from our experience with Total Environmental. I know with 100 percent certainty they are doing what is best for us and our home. That peace of mind is priceless! They are helpful, knowledgeable, and easy to work with. They'll by my HVAC people as long as I have a home!”
You can help prevent issues with your system by scheduling routine maintenance on your furnace every year. During a maintenance visit, our technician will inspect and clean your furnace to help the system to run more smoothly and efficiently for the coming winter. You can have it done any time, but the maintenance is typically performed in the fall. Ask about our planned service agreement program!
Have your contractor do a load calculation based on a recognized method, such as one in Manual J from the ACCA. The contractor’s evaluation should include whether your ducts need to be resized, sealed and insulated, or replaced. Remember that an indoor evaporator coil and outdoor condenser must be a matched set from the same brand, or the performance, efficiency, and capacity might not meet expectations.
At BJ Heating & Cooling, our dedication to your comfort isn’t limited to five days a week. We are on call to provide the swift, knowledgeable service you need 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Whether you require scheduled or Emergency Service, expect timely attention and no surprises. We outline the problem, offer upfront pricing, and provide the information necessary to make knowledgeable decisions. Rest assured, our team arrives fully prepared with the replacement parts, materials, and tools to manage a wide range of issues in a single visit.
Many things can go wrong with your furnace, all of which should be repaired and examined by experienced professionals. Trust Randazzo Heating, Cooling, and Fireplaces to repair and help you maintain your furnace*. We value our customers and their decisions, so we will always be honest and explain the best possible solution for you. Contact us today so we can help you out! Click Here for our warranty policy.
As a Leesburg and Ashburn AC repair company, we offer emergency and routine AC repair services to the residents and commercial companies in Leesburg and Ashburn, Virginia. We're professional, prompt and punctual. Please call us immediately for your your repair needs. Operators are standing by to take your call. We also encourage you to read our reviews on our Google page.
If you happen to live in a hot and humid area of the country, you're also bound to face drainage problems with your unit since moisture can trap itself inside the system. Routine maintenance can cut down on drainage issues by cleaning out any mold or algae from blocking the drain. If you notice moldy smells whenever you turn the thermostat down, it's best to check on your system.
In the case of heated water or steam, piping is used to transport the heat to the rooms. Most modern hot water boiler heating systems have a circulator, which is a pump, to move hot water through the distribution system (as opposed to older gravity-fed systems). The heat can be transferred to the surrounding air using radiators, hot water coils (hydro-air), or other heat exchangers. The radiators may be mounted on walls or installed within the floor to produce floor heat.
Hospital operating theatres, in which air is filtered to high levels to reduce infection risk and the humidity controlled to limit patient dehydration. Although temperatures are often in the comfort range, some specialist procedures, such as open heart surgery, require low temperatures (about 18 °C, 64 °F) and others, such as neonatal, relatively high temperatures (about 28 °C, 82 °F).
Smyrna homes and businesses have relied on Coolray for air conditioning service and installation since 1966. We can provide repair and maintenance on all makes and models of air conditioners for your home or business and offer 24 hour emergency AC repair service. We also offer a wide range of new air conditioning systems and our expert air conditioning technicians can help you select an air conditioner or heat pump that is right for your home and budget.
A type of air conditioning system using a water/glycol solution as a condensing medium. Typically, the glycol-cooled condenser is located inside the air conditioner with the rest of the refrigeration components.  Water/glycol is piped to the unit from a drycooler or other suitable source. The glycol keeps the solution from freezing during winter operation.
Without proper ventilation, carbon monoxide can be lethal at concentrations of 1000 ppm (0.1%). However, at several hundred ppm, carbon monoxide exposure induces headaches, fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. Carbon monoxide binds with hemoglobin in the blood, forming carboxyhemoglobin, reducing the blood's ability to transport oxygen. The primary health concerns associated with carbon monoxide exposure are its cardiovascular and neurobehavioral effects. Carbon monoxide can cause atherosclerosis (the hardening of arteries) and can also trigger heart attacks. Neurologically, carbon monoxide exposure reduces hand to eye coordination, vigilance, and continuous performance. It can also affect time discrimination.[15]

Our Denver heating company understands that in our small part of the country, it is important that your heating system is maintained throughout the year to ensure it runs efficiently when you need it the most. Our specialists in heater repair in Denver recommend that your heating system is maintained at least once a year to spot potential problems before they have the chance to worsen and cause your system to fail at the worst possible time. At Brothers Plumbing, Heating, and Electric, our professionals are committed to diagnosing any problem your heating system may suffer while it still remains a minor repair.
Packaged terminal heat pumps (PTHP) are are similar to a window-mounted air conditioner. These units are typically installed in a sleeve passing through the outdoor wall of an apartment, hotel, school classroom, etc. PTHPs are completely self contained and require only an electrical connection in addition to the opening in the building shell. They use the outdoor air as the heat source in winter and as a heat sink in summer. They also can provide ventilation air. Flexibility and lower installed cost are the primary advantages of the PTHP. Disadvantages include in-room maintenance, higher operating cost, relatively short life, imprecise "on-off" temperature control, and they can be rather noisy.
Heat pipe heat exchangers or run-around coils perform a similar function when humidity control is required. Two heat exchanger are placed in the air stream, one upstream of the cooling coil and the other downstream of the cooling coil. These heat exchangers are connected together with piping. A heat transfer fluid, whether it be water or refrigerant, is either pumped or gravity fed from one heat exchanger to the other. The heat exchanger down stream of the cooling coil (re-heat coil) cools the liquid medium inside the heat exchanger and heats the air passing over the heat exchanger. The cold liquid inside the heat exchanger is moved to the heat exchanger upstream of the cooling coil (pre-cool coil) where it pre-cools the air passing over the heat exchanger and warms the liquid passing through the heat exchanger. The affect of a heat pipe or run-around coil is to reduce the sensible heat capacity of the AC system. The latent capacity of the AC system increases if direct-expansion equipment is used or remains relatively constant if chilled water equipment is used. Since the sensible capacity of the AC system has been reduced, the system must run longer to meet the thermostat set point thereby removing more moisture.

A reliable, efficient, and modern cooling system makes everyday life a whole lot better.  Whether you’re in need of new installation, equipment replacement, seasonal maintenance, or repair in Chicagoland and the surrounding suburbs, Air Blue Heating and Cooling Inc. is the right answer.  We bring you quality products and services that result in pure luxury without painful costs.  As a Carrier Factory Authorized Dealer, we specialize in the most recognized, award-winning, and innovative air conditioners on the market.  Along with precision temperature control, take advantage of unprecedented energy efficiency, whisper-quiet sound levels, and a range of features that enable greater control over your environment.  Our team is fully licensed, bonded, insured, and NATE-certified.  We make it easy to get the expert help you need with same-day service/installation, and 24/7 Emergency Service across Wheeling, Buffalo Grove, Northbrook, Deerfield, IL.  When you contact Air Blue Heating and Cooling Inc., we don’t waste your time or money, leave behind mess or damage, or consider our job done until you are 100% satisfied.  With over thirty years of practical experience, we are your local solution to perfect comfort.


Have your contractor do a load calculation based on a recognized method, such as one in Manual J from the ACCA. The contractor’s evaluation should include whether your ducts need to be resized, sealed and insulated, or replaced. Remember that an indoor evaporator coil and outdoor condenser must be a matched set from the same brand, or the performance, efficiency, and capacity might not meet expectations.
Lennox was started to offer some of the most long-lasting, reliable HVAC systems in the market while providing the best service and quality for customers. Knoechel Heating Company in Zelienople is no different, with our on-going dedication to your comfort and commitment to the community. We strive to be the experts at what we do so you can always be comfortable, and know you can always count on us. Give us a call at 724-452-6280 or arrange an appointment with us so we can help you achieve whole home comfort. 
Our team is NATE-certified.  North American Technician Excellence represents the entire HVAC industry and is an independent, third-party, non-profit organization.  NATE-certified technicians are skilled professionals who have verified real working knowledge of HVAC systems through specialized exams.  Whether your heating or cooling system requires routine maintenance or complex repair, the NATE-certified team from Nerthling's Heating and Air Conditioning shows up on time, prepared to complete the job quickly and accurately, without unnecessary multiple house calls.  We work on all makes and models and offer affordable and convenient service plans to protect your equipment from wear and tear, and ensure like-new performance.
You should never allow your heating system to break down completely before scheduling professional heating repair service in Issaquah, WA. There are plenty of signs you should take notice of before this happens, including reduced furnace power, higher heating costs, and cold spots throughout your home. Contact us if you think your water furnace is in any way compromised.
Poorly maintained water cooling towers can promote the growth and spread of microorganisms,[55] such as Legionella pneumophila, the infectious agent responsible for Legionnaires' disease, or thermophilic actinomycetes. As long as the cooling tower is kept clean (usually by means of a chlorine treatment), these health hazards can be avoided or reduced. Excessive air conditioning can have a negative effect on skin, causing it to dry out, and can also cause dehydration.[citation needed]
In the case of direct expansion equipment, the air passing over the indoor cooling coil heats the cold liquid refrigerant. Heating the refrigerant causes boiling and transforms the refrigerant from a cold liquid to a warm gas. This warm gas (or vapor) is pumped from the cooling coil to the compressor through a copper tube (suction line to the compressor) where the warm gas is compressed. In some cases, an accumulator is placed between the cooling coil and the compressor to capture unused liquid refrigerant and ensures that only vapor enters the compressor. The compression process increases the pressure of the refrigerant vapor and significantly increases the temperature of the vapor. The compressor pumps the vapor through another heat exchanger (outdoor condenser) where heat is rejected and the hot gas is condensed to a warm high pressure liquid. This warm high pressure liquid is pumped through a smaller copper tube (liquid line) to a filter (or filter/dryer) and then on to an expansion device where the high pressure liquid is reduced to a cold, low pressure liquid. The cold liquid enters the indoor cooling coil and the process repeats.

Heil HVAC is another one of the best air conditioner brands that doesn’t get as much love as they should. This AC brand’s tech allows different heating and cooling components  send information and synchronize performance, becoming more energy efficient and reliable overall. Heil AC products can achieve up to a 97% efficiency rating and SEER figures of 19. They also come with comprehensive 10 year warranties.
A gas that can be retrofitted into a refrigeration system designed for another, without major system changes. For example, R422D is a drop-in replacement for R22 in many applications. However, hydrocarbon refrigerants are NOT drop-in alternatives for most fluorocarbon refrigerants due to substantial system changes needed to manage their differing characteristics (e.g. flammability).

"Had T.N. Bowes replace our whole HVAC system. What a difference it makes! Using less energy and it maintains the temperature inside the house like a champ, and it’s quiet! Had quotes from all the major HVAC players in the area and T.N. Bowes couldn’t be touched. One day install, polite workers and no mess to deal with when they left! Thanks, Eric, for getting us our new system!"


Nerthlings Heating and Air Conditioning is proud to be rated as Erie, PA’s leading heating and cooling company. We’ve been serving Erie PA and the surrounding areas for over 60 years, handling all of their HVAC needs. For furnace repair, furnace service, or a new heating system installation at your home/business, Nerthling’s is the company to call if you want the job done right. We are also experts at AC repair, service & installation, as well as generator installation. Our other services include boiler repair and service, geothermal HVAC, heat pumps and ductless heating & air conditioning. To learn more about our high-quality HVAC services, give us a call today at 814-240-2297!
Time for a class in HVAC technology! Just in case you missed the first lesson, HVAC is short for Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning. It’s a whole system with the sole purpose of making the indoor environment habitably comfortable. HVAC systems are currently available in four different types. These four types of HVAC systems all come in different sizes and specifications to suit your business or home.
While repair is often the preferred choice, problems like a consistent repeating complication or extra-costly furnace repair parts might start leading you in a different direction. Remember that repair is only the preferred option when the cost of seeking it makes sense! If you’re shelling out for repair every single year, then it might be time to talk to your heating contractor about furnace replacement.
Dehumidification (air drying) in an air conditioning system is provided by the evaporator. Since the evaporator operates at a temperature below the dew point, moisture in the air condenses on the evaporator coil tubes. This moisture is collected at the bottom of the evaporator in a pan and removed by piping to a central drain or onto the ground outside.
Packaged terminal air conditioner (PTAC) systems are also known as wall-split air conditioning systems.[36] They are ductless systems. PTACs, which are frequently used in hotels, have two separate units (terminal packages), the evaporative unit on the interior and the condensing unit on the exterior, with an opening passing through the wall and connecting them. This minimizes the interior system footprint and allows each room to be adjusted independently. PTAC systems may be adapted to provide heating in cold weather, either directly by using an electric strip, gas, or other heater, or by reversing the refrigerant flow to heat the interior and draw heat from the exterior air, converting the air conditioner into a heat pump. While room air conditioning provides maximum flexibility, when used to cool many rooms at a time it is generally more expensive than central air conditioning.

We are totally committed to your comfort. Our quality technicians set our business apart by providing the best and most professional service in the area. We are fully trained on today’s HVAC technology systems and methods, so when we are in your home or business, you can rest assured that we’ll work quickly and skillfully toward your total comfort.


Here at Brothers Plumbing, Heating, and Electric, we have a Home Care Club that provides members with many benefits. These benefits include: 2 year warranty on all work (drain work is excluded), transferable club membership, no “show up” fees, priority service, 10% discount on repairs, quarterly newsletters, carefree scheduling (we will contact you and remind you when you need service), 2 free furnace/air conditioner filter changes, exclusive coupons, quarterly drawings, 4 on-going safety checks, and a 100% satisfaction guarantee. So if you’d like to join our Home Care Club, then give us a call or click here today.
In variable climates, the system may include a reversing valve that switches from heating in winter to cooling in summer. By reversing the flow of refrigerant, the heat pump refrigeration cycle is changed from cooling to heating or vice versa. This allows a facility to be heated and cooled by a single piece of equipment by the same means, and with the same hardware.

If you find yourself having a more traditional concern, we can help with that as well. Whether you’re looking to upgrade to a more energy efficient system, require an emergency furnace repair, or need to schedule an annual appointment, we’re here to help. We can tackle any issue or concern that you may have with your HVAC system. Our team will give you confidence and peace of mind when it comes to your HVAC system.
A hot aisle is a layout design for server racks and other computing equipment in a data centre. Hot aisle data centre design involves lining up server racks in alternating rows with cold air intakes facing one way and hot air exhausts facing the other. The rows the heated exhausts pour into are called hot aisles. See Data Centre Aisle Containment for more information. 
Need 24-hour emergency furnace repair? We can provide that too. With our same-day service and live phone and online chat service available 24/7, we make your comfort our greatest priority. Heating and air conditioning should help you live a comfortable life, so let us help you make your home the most comfortable it has ever been. It’s easy, just grab your furnace repair coupon, then simply give us a call at 301-747-3140, chat or schedule an appointment with us online.
It’s important to keep your furnace receives regular maintenance to ensure that it’s working properly and efficiently. Routine maintenance can also extend the life of your heating system by several years. Ask about our annual maintenance agreements that cover your plumbing, heating, and cooling systems and save you money. A furnace that has been neglected may be working too hard, which can result in inconsistent air temperatures in your Minneapolis area home. Learn more about the importance of routine maintenance on your HVAC system.
If the condenser coils are clogged, the compressor can overheat and shut down. You’ll experience intermittent periods of minimal cooling, followed by no cooling. Even if you’re “sure” the condenser coils are clean, clean them again. Turn off the power. Flip the air conditioning service and furnace circuit breakers in your main electrical panel to the “Off” position. Next, turn off the power switch right at the furnace or air handler. Then yank the disconnect block (Photo 1) and clean the condenser coils (Photo 2). If the air conditioning service still doesn’t work properly after you’ve cleaned the condenser coils, installed a new filter and opened all the supply vents, proceed with the following repairs.
Excalibur Water Systems helps solve the water challenges around the globe with water solutions for any possible water concerns in: water hardness, filtration of any contaminant, bacteria removal and high purity water needs and also comes with a warranty of up to 20 years at no extra cost. The best warranty for the water treatment equipment industry.
Looking for a local and trusted air conditioning and heater expert that is nearby? HVACs Today is here to help. Keeping your home or business heated or cooled is what we are great at. From installation to replacement and repairs, our technicians can complete your job quickly and correctly. Skilled contractors can solve your HVAC needs: no problem is too big or too small. Call us today to schedule your heating and cooling service.

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